Developmental views of Learning Theories

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Here is the learning theories of child psychology, Hope you like it.

Developmental views of Learning Theories

  • Behaviourism
  • Cognitivism
  • Constructivism
  • Gestalt theory

Approaches of Learning Theories:

1. Behaviorism Theories are given by Thorndike, Pavlov, Watson, Hull, Tallman, Skinner

Main idea: Learning brings change in Behaviour.

Central idea: Stimulus is present in external environment.

Use in Education: Desired change in behaviour (of the students).

Teacher’s role: Facilitating the child and making the conducive environment for gaining the desired outcome.

2. Cognitivism theories are given by – Jean Piaget, Kurt Lewin.

COGNITIVISM

The cognitivist paradigm essentially argues that the “black box” of the mind should be opened and understood. The learner is viewed as an information processor (like a computer).The cognitivist revolution replaced behaviorism in 1960s as the dominant paradigm. Cognitivism focuses on the inner mental activities – opening the “black box” of the human mind is valuable and necessary for understanding how people learn.

Main idea: Process based on internal functioning like insight, memory, perception, thinking, information processing etc.

Central point: Internal cognitive structures.

Use in education: Developing capacities and potentialities based on Cognitive attitude.

Teacher’s role: Focusing on Cognitive Aspects.

3. Constructivism: Theories are given by Lev Vygotsky, Bruner

Main Idea: Knowledge is a constructed entity.

Central Point: We construct the understanding of this whole world based on making sense of the experiences.

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Use in Education: Learning processes must be based on primary and sole Concepts, not just factual information.

Teacher’s role: Social aspects must be given appropriate place.

4. Gestalt Theory Theories are given by Kohler, Koffka, Wertheimer.

Main idea: Higher order Cognitive Aspects and processes continuing in the brain.

Central Idea: Every Cognitive information is passed into our brain in meaningful patterns or as an organized whole.

Use in education: Already Gained experiences and knowledge must be applied to solve a problem and learning should be considered as “It’s for problem-solving”.

Learning Theories

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