Here is the learning theories of child psychology, Hope you like it.
Developmental views of Learning Theories
- Gestalt theory
Approaches of Learning Theories:
1. Behaviorism Theories are given by Thorndike, Pavlov, Watson, Hull, Tallman, Skinner
Main idea: Learning brings change in Behaviour.
Central idea: Stimulus is present in external environment.
Use in Education: Desired change in behaviour (of the students).
Teacher’s role: Facilitating the child and making the conducive environment for gaining the desired outcome.
2. Cognitivism theories are given by – Jean Piaget, Kurt Lewin.
The cognitivist paradigm essentially argues that the “black box” of the mind should be opened and understood. The learner is viewed as an information processor (like a computer).The cognitivist revolution replaced behaviorism in 1960s as the dominant paradigm. Cognitivism focuses on the inner mental activities – opening the “black box” of the human mind is valuable and necessary for understanding how people learn.
Main idea: Process based on internal functioning like insight, memory, perception, thinking, information processing etc.
Central point: Internal cognitive structures.
Use in education: Developing capacities and potentialities based on Cognitive attitude.
Teacher’s role: Focusing on Cognitive Aspects.
3. Constructivism: Theories are given by Lev Vygotsky, Bruner
Main Idea: Knowledge is a constructed entity.
Central Point: We construct the understanding of this whole world based on making sense of the experiences.
Use in Education: Learning processes must be based on primary and sole Concepts, not just factual information.
Teacher’s role: Social aspects must be given appropriate place.
4. Gestalt Theory Theories are given by Kohler, Koffka, Wertheimer.
Main idea: Higher order Cognitive Aspects and processes continuing in the brain.
Central Idea: Every Cognitive information is passed into our brain in meaningful patterns or as an organized whole.
Use in education: Already Gained experiences and knowledge must be applied to solve a problem and learning should be considered as “It’s for problem-solving”.